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    ECML glossaries

Multilingual glossary of key terms in language education

This page presents an overview of key terms, definitions and references used in ECML projects since 2012. The aim of this compilation is:
  • to offer easy access to ECML terminology;
  • to promote the establishment of multilingual terminology through bilingual or trilingual glossaries;
  • to highlight the role of glossaries in ensuring solid theoretical underpinnings to ECML practice-oriented projects and resources.
Terms in English
Termes en français
Begriffe auf Deutsch
Terms in
international sign

Please note: The terms and their definitions have been established for specific project purposes. Therefore, some terms are listed more than once and offer different definitions and different approaches, e.g. scientific and theory-based definitions, policy-oriented definitions or definitions for communication purposes in practical contexts. 

For each entry there is a link to the resource website which presents the context and the scope of the relevant term for which it has been defined. 

All  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y
Items found: 60
Pages count: 1

L1  Available in sign language

L1 interference

L2  Available in sign language

L3/Lx  Available in sign language



language activities

language activity

language awareness

language awareness

language awareness

language awareness

language biographies

language biography  Available in sign language

language component of work

language dimension in subjects

language diversity/linguistic diversity

language for specific purposes

language interaction

language learning strategies

language mediation  Available in sign language

language of origin

language of schooling

language of schooling

language of schooling

language of schooling/language of instruction

language of work

language passport  Available in sign language

language portfolio/the European Language Portfolio

language register

language school policy

language school profile

language teaching

language variety

language(s) of instruction

language(s) of origin

language(s) of schooling

languages in/for education


learner autonomy  Available in sign language

learner autonomy

learner autonomy

learners as social agents

learning (language)

learning environments

learning strategies

learning strategies

learning strategies

learning to learn/ability to learn


level of competence in a language

linguistic competence

linguistic landscape

linguistic repertoire

linguistic/language repertoire





lower secondary education

Shortcut: www.ecml.at/glossaries 

Cite this resource

Other relevant terminology resources

Council of Europe | Glossary "Language support for adult refugees":
Dutch – English – French – German – Greek – Italian – Spanish – Turkish 

Agency of the European Union
Cedefop – European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training | Terminology of European education and training policy:
English – French – Italian – Portuguese – Spanish