en  fr  de

This is the testing site

  1. Home
  2.  > 
  3.  > 
    ECML glossaries

Multilingual glossary of key terms in language education

This page presents an overview of key terms, definitions and references used in ECML projects since 2012. The aim of this compilation is:
  • to offer easy access to ECML terminology;
  • to promote the establishment of multilingual terminology through bilingual or trilingual glossaries;
  • to highlight the role of glossaries in ensuring solid theoretical underpinnings to ECML practice-oriented projects and resources.
Terms in English
Termes en français
Begriffe auf Deutsch
Terms in
international sign

Please note: The terms and their definitions have been established for specific project purposes. Therefore, some terms are listed more than once and offer different definitions and different approaches, e.g. scientific and theory-based definitions, policy-oriented definitions or definitions for communication purposes in practical contexts. 

For each entry there is a link to the resource website which presents the context and the scope of the relevant term for which it has been defined. 

All  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y
Items found: 53
Pages count: 1

can-do checklist


CEFR descriptive scheme





CLIL – Content and Language Integrated Learning

CLIL in other subjects

CLIL in the language classroom

co-construction and negotiation of meaning

code switching/code mixing


cognitive discourse functions


collaboration literacy

Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR)

common reference levels

common reference levels

communicative approach

communicative awareness

communicative competences

communicative effectiveness versus accuracy

communicative language activities

communicative language competence

communicative language competence

communicative language strategies

communicative objectives

communicative purpose

communicative tasks

community of practice

community of practice

competence  Available in sign language

competence  Available in sign language


competence goals

competent way to (inter)act

constructive alignment

consumers and viewers

Content & Language Integrated Learning/CLIL in German

Content and Language Integrated Learning


continuous assessment



critical way to (inter)act

cross-linguistic mediation

cross-linguistic mediation task

cultural competence

cultural mediation



cyclical approach to language learning

Shortcut: www.ecml.at/glossaries 

Cite this resource

Other relevant terminology resources

Council of Europe | Glossary "Language support for adult refugees":
Dutch – English – French – German – Greek – Italian – Spanish – Turkish 

Agency of the European Union
Cedefop – European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training | Terminology of European education and training policy:
English – French – Italian – Portuguese – Spanish